CATS Musical – Andrew Lloyd Webbers Meisterwerk. Das Musical CATS tourt durch Deutschland und lädt zu einem fantasievollen Abend mit Tanz und. Cats Musical, Bericht über die Entstehungsgeschichte des Musicals von Andrew Lloyd Webber, Startschuss für den Musicalboom in Deutschland, bei. Cats the Musical • Official Website and Tickets. The official home of Andrew Lloyd Webber's world-famous, family favourite musical CATS.
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Cats ist ein revueartiges Musical von Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber mit Texten von T. S. Eliot. Es zählt zu den erfolgreichsten Musicals aller Zeiten. Der Text des Musicals basiert auf dem erschienenen, in England sehr populären Werk Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats, einer. CATS im Wiener Ronacher – Wegen großen Erfolgs verlängert. Sichern Sie sich jetzt die besten Plätze für das erfolgreichste Musical aller Zeiten! Cats the Musical • Official Website and Tickets. The official home of Andrew Lloyd Webber's world-famous, family favourite musical CATS. Cats ist ein Musical, basierend auf T. S. Eliots "Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats", in einem Akt, aus der Feder von Andrew Lloyd Webber (Musik), Trevor. CATS Musical – Andrew Lloyd Webbers Meisterwerk. Das Musical CATS tourt durch Deutschland und lädt zu einem fantasievollen Abend mit Tanz und. Cats zählt bis heute zu den erfolgreichsten Musicals überhaupt. Von Andrew Lloyd Webber komponiert basiert es auf Gedichten von T. S. Eliot. Nun erscheinen.
Cats Musical, Bericht über die Entstehungsgeschichte des Musicals von Andrew Lloyd Webber, Startschuss für den Musicalboom in Deutschland, bei. CATS im Wiener Ronacher – Wegen großen Erfolgs verlängert. Sichern Sie sich jetzt die besten Plätze für das erfolgreichste Musical aller Zeiten! Cats the Musical • Official Website and Tickets. The official home of Andrew Lloyd Webber's world-famous, family favourite musical CATS.
An event called the Jellicle Ball was referenced by Eliot in the poem "The Song of the Jellicles", while a cat version of heaven known as the Heaviside Layer was mentioned in one of his unpublished poems.
Nunn expanded on these concepts by conceiving the Jellicle Ball as an annual ritual in which the cats vie to be chosen to ascend to the Heaviside Layer, thus giving the characters a reason to gather and sing about themselves in the musical.
He also added the element of rebirth as a play on the idea that cats have nine lives. One of Nunn's stipulations for agreeing to direct Practical Cats was that actress Judi Dench would be cast in the musical.
Lloyd Webber was happy to oblige given her credentials and so Dench joined the company in the dual roles of Grizabella and Jennyanydots.
Mistoffelees after Lloyd Webber and Mackintosh attended a performance by his dance troupe, one of the many dance showcases they saw in preparation for the musical.
Casting for the other roles began in November , with auditions held across the UK for dancers who could also sing and act. There was an initial disagreement over the casting of Nicholas as Rum Tum Tugger ; Nunn had misgivings about the actor's easy-going attitude but eventually yielded to Lloyd Webber, Mackintosh and Lynne, all of whom were keen on Nicholas for the role.
Sarah Brightman , who had already made a name for herself with the chart hit " I Lost My Heart to a Starship Trooper ", arranged a private audition and was cast in an as-then undecided role.
By December, the full cast had been assembled. Meanwhile, Mackintosh engaged the advertising agency Dewynters to design a poster for the musical.
After much back-and-forth, the agency presented a minimalist poster consisting of a pair of yellow feline eyes with dancing silhouettes for the pupils set against a black backdrop.
The musical's title was thus shortened to just Cats. The musical was scheduled to open on 30 April , with previews starting on 22 April. Shortly before tickets went on sale in mid-February, Nunn revealed to the alarmed producers that he was struggling to write the script for the musical.
Despite still having no established book or score, rehearsals began on 9 March in a church hall in Chiswick , London. The original music director, Chris Walker, became so frustrated with the unfinished score that he quit by lunchtime and was replaced by the film conductor Harry Rabinowitz.
Lloyd Webber's former writing partner Tim Rice was brought in to write a lyric for the song, but his version was rejected by Nunn for being too depressing.
The lyrics for "Memory" were not completed by Nunn until well into the previews. Many of the ensemble characters were created by the original cast through extensive improvisation sessions held during the rehearsal process.
Said Nunn: "[O]n day one of rehearsals what we had was 15 poems set to music and five weeks later we had a show with characters, relationships and stories running from beginning to end.
Her understudy Myra Sands replaced her as Jennyanydots, while Elaine Paige agreed to take over the role of Grizabella. Opening night was pushed back to 11 May, but Mackintosh refused to postpone the previews as he wanted to dispel the industry rumours that the production was an impending debacle.
The development of Cats was also plagued by financial troubles. Lloyd Webber personally underwrote the musical and took out a second mortgage on his house for the down payment of the theatre.
He later recalled that if Cats had been a commercial failure, it would have left him in financial ruin. After the overture, the cats gather on stage and describe the Jellicle tribe and its purpose "Jellicle Songs for Jellicle Cats".
The cats who break the fourth wall throughout the show then notice that they are being watched by a human audience, and proceed to explain how the different cats of the tribe are named " The Naming of Cats ".
This is followed by a ballet solo performed by Victoria to signal the beginning of the Jellicle Ball "The Invitation to the Jellicle Ball".
At this moment, Munkustrap , the show's main narrator, explains that tonight the Jellicle patriarch Old Deuteronomy will make an appearance and choose one of the cats to be reborn into a new life on the Heaviside Layer.
The first contender Munkustrap introduces is Jennyanydots "The Old Gumbie Cat" , a large tabby cat who lazes around all day, but come nighttime, she becomes active, teaching mice and cockroaches various activities to curb their naturally destructive habits.
Just as Jennyanydots finishes her song, the music changes suddenly and Rum Tum Tugger makes his extravagant entrance in front of the tribe "The Rum Tum Tugger".
He is very fickle and unappeasable, "for he will do as he do do, and there's no doing anything about it". Then, as Rum Tum Tugger's song fades, a shabby old grey cat stumbles out wanting to be reconciled; it is Grizabella.
All the cats back away from her in fear and disgust and explain her unfortunate state "Grizabella: The Glamour Cat".
Grizabella leaves and the music changes to a cheerful upbeat number as Bustopher Jones , a fat cat in "a coat of fastidious black", is brought to the stage "Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town".
Bustopher Jones is among the elite of the cats, and visits prestigious gentlemen's clubs. Suddenly, a loud crash startles the tribe and the cats run offstage in fright.
Hushed giggling sounds signal the entrance of Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer , a pair of near-identical cats. They are mischievous petty burglars who enjoy causing trouble around their human neighbourhood "Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer".
After they finish, they are caught off-guard and confronted by the rest of the cats. He is a wise old cat who "has lived many lives" and is tasked with choosing which Jellicle will go to the Heaviside Layer every year.
The cats put on a play for Old Deuteronomy " The Awefull Battle of the Pekes and the Pollicles " , telling a story about two dog tribes clashing in the street and subsequently being scared away by the Great Rumpus Cat.
A sombre moral from Old Deuteronomy is interrupted by a second loud crash, presumably from Macavity , which sends the alarmed cats scurrying.
After a quick patrol for Macavity, Old Deuteronomy deems it a false alarm and summons the cats back as the main celebration begins "The Jellicle Ball" , in which the cats sing and display their " Terpsichorean powers".
She tries to dance along, but her age and decrepit condition prevent her from doing so "Memory Prelude ".
However, the cats do not understand him, so he has Jemima also known as Sillabub , the youngest of all Jellicles, sing it in simpler terms "The Moments of Happiness".
He was once a famous actor but is now old and "suffers from palsy which makes his paws shake". He is accompanied by Jellylorum , his caretaker, who tells of his exploits.
Gus then remembers how he once played the infamous pirate captain, Growltiger a. Gus tells the story about the pirate captain's romance with Lady Griddlebone, and how Growltiger was overtaken by the Siamese and forced to walk the plank to his death.
He is the cat who is unofficially in charge of the night train to Glasgow. Skimbleshanks is considered vital to the rail operations, as without him "the train can't start".
Within his song, a whole steam train engine is assembled out of objects in the junkyard. With a third crash and an evil laugh, the "most wanted" cat Macavity appears.
He is the so-called " Napoleon of Crime" who always manages to evade the authorities. Macavity's henchmen capture Old Deuteronomy and take off with the patriarch in tow.
When they are finished, Macavity returns disguised as Old Deuteronomy, but his cover is blown by Demeter and he ends up in a fight with Munkustrap and Alonzo.
Macavity holds his own for a time, but as the rest of the tribe begin to gang up and surround him, he shorts out the stage lights and escapes in the resulting confusion.
After the fight, Rum Tum Tugger calls upon the magician Mr. Mistoffelees for help "Magical Mr. Known as the "original conjuring cat", Mr.
Mistoffelees can perform feats of magic that no other cat can do. He displays his magical powers in a dance solo and uses them to restore the lights and bring back Old Deuteronomy.
Now, the Jellicle Choice can be made. Before Old Deuteronomy can announce his decision, Grizabella returns to the junkyard and he allows her to address the gathering.
Her faded appearance and lonely disposition have little effect on her song " Memory ". With acceptance and encouragement from Jemima and Victoria, her appeal succeeds and she is chosen to be the one to go to the Heaviside Layer and be reborn into a new Jellicle life "The Journey to the Heaviside Layer".
A tyre rises from the piles of junk, carrying Grizabella and Old Deuteronomy partway toward the sky; Grizabella then completes the journey on her own.
Based on the definitive piece licensed version. Cats is an ensemble show with a large supporting cast and no leads.
Cats is completely told through music with no dialogue in between the songs,  although there are occasions when the music accompanies spoken verse.
Lloyd Webber's compositions employ an eclectic range of musical styles so as to magnify the characters' contrasting personalities.
The original concept of a set of contrasting numbers, without a dramatic narrative, meant that each song needed to establish some sort of musical characterization independent of the others and develop a quick rapport with the audience.
Such a rapid familiarity and identification of purpose can be achieved through pastiche. But it was only a musical starting point, for the songs in Cats move beyond the straightforward " Elvis " pastiche of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat ; they are less pointed, more the free workings within a range of chosen styles than direct copies of a specific performer or number.
The audience responds to the musical differences, given an initial security provided by the familiarity of recognizable, underlying stylistic generalities.
Lloyd Webber also employs various techniques to help connect the pieces. Namely, the score relies heavily on recurring motifs as well as the use of preludes and reprises.
The musical also features an unusual amount of "group-description" numbers. According to musicologist Jessica Sternfeld, such numbers are usually relegated to the prologue and nothing more, as seen in " Another Op'nin', Another Show " from Kiss Me, Kate and " Tradition " from Fiddler on the Roof.
These numbers allow the cats to celebrate their tribe and species as a whole, in between the ones that celebrate individual members.
Regarded as "one of the most challenging shows to dance in musical theatre history",  dance plays a major role in Cats as the original creative team had specifically set out to create "England's first dance musical".
The risky hiring of a British choreographer, Lynne, for a British dance musical was described by one historian as "a vivid and marvellous gesture of transatlantic defiance".
Lynne choreographed the original London production with a dance crew consisting of her assistant Lindsay Dolan, the dance captain Jo-Anne Robinson, and cast members Finola Hughes and John Thornton.
The original staging of Cats at the New London Theatre was considered revolutionary  and "one of the first truly immersive theatrical experiences".
Napier began designing the set in November , wanting "a place where cats might congregate together, which also included maximum room for dancing".
Over 2, of these scaled-up props were used to fill the whole auditorium in the original Broadway production. Napier also designed the costumes, combining cat and human features based on "hints" given in Eliot's poems, while ensuring that they did not impede the dancers' movements.
As with the contrasting music and dance styles, the costumes and make-up are used to bring out each character's distinct personality.
In order to reproduce the "hand-drawn aesthetic" of Napier's original design sketches, costume painters in the original Broadway production used squeeze bottles to apply the paint.
Due to the amount of dancing in Cats , most of the costumes did not last longer than a few months. The plot of Cats revolves around a tribe of cats vying to go to the "Heaviside Layer", which is used as a metaphor for rebirth.
Cats has been translated into over 15 languages and produced professionally in more than 30 countries.
The musical was produced by Mackintosh and Lloyd Webber's Really Useful Group , with direction by Nunn, choreography by Lynne who also served as the associate director , set and costume design by Napier, lighting design by David Hersey , sound design by Abe Jacob and music direction by Harry Rabinowitz.
The final performance was broadcast live on a large outdoor screen in Covent Garden for fans who could not acquire a ticket. The musical returned to the West End in for a planned week limited run at the London Palladium.
Beginning on 6 December, the revival starred Nicole Scherzinger as Grizabella, and featured the original creative team, with direction from Nunn, choreography by Lynne and design by Napier.
The musical was co-produced by the original London production team, along with David Geffen and The Shubert Organization.
Encouraged by the reception to the first West End revival, producers began looking to bring Cats back to Broadway in early Following its Broadway debut, Cats has been staged extensively across North America.
This production was a "slow tour" that had lengthy engagements lasting for several months in each of the nine cities it visited.
After the show's closure on Broadway in , Troika Entertainment obtained the touring rights for Cats and launched the show's first non- Equity national company.
It moved to Montreal two years later and then toured other parts of Canada. Following the closure of the original West End production, a nationwide tour embarked in with Chrissie Hammond starring as Grizabella,   until Dianne Pilkington took over the role in The Japanese-language production of Cats by the Shiki Theatre Company has been playing continuously since it premiered in Shinjuku , Tokyo, in November This production is a "slow tour" with engagements lasting for several years in each of the nine cities it has visited.
This was a big financial risk for the Shiki Theatre Company as it meant that a long run was needed to turn a profit; however, stage productions in Japan ran on a monthly basis at the time and open-ended runs were unheard of.
Similar to the original London staging, the set of the 1,capacity CATS Theatre is built on a revolving stage floor such that during the overture, the stage and sections of the stalls revolve approximately degrees into place.
In , the show transferred to the newly renovated Ronacher Theatre where it ran for another two years before closing on its seventh anniversary in September Influenced by the show's success in Vienna, a German production by Stella Entertainment premiered in April at the newly renovated Operettenhaus in Hamburg.
The number of overnight visitors to the city increased by over one million per year within the first five years of the show's premiere.
Cats redefined musical theatre in the German-speaking part of the world, turning an industry which consisted of repertory theatre at the time towards privately funded commercial productions.
The success of the Vienna and Hamburg productions sparked a "musical boom" in the region that saw numerous musicals being launched not just in Germany but also in Switzerland.
After Hamburg, the German production transferred to Stuttgart where it played from to The production was seen by , audiences before it transferred to the Scandinavium in Gothenburg two years later.
The Dutch live entertainment company Stage Entertainment has been responsible for several European productions of Cats.
This production was based on the London revival and also featured a new song written especially for the French show by Lloyd Webber.
English-language touring companies have also toured the European region extensively. International tours in the early to late s included stops in Sweden, Norway,  Finland,  Greece,  Portugal,  Germany,  and Italy.
It was credited with revitalising the then-stagnant musical genre in Australia. The musical played in Auckland from to ,  and for a limited run in Besides Japan, Cats is also produced regularly in other parts of Asia.
The region has hosted numerous English-language productions of the musical, beginning with a tour from to when it played in Singapore with local actress Jacintha Abisheganaden as Grizabella ,  Hong Kong and South Korea.
The musical has also been translated and staged nationally in Asia. Spanish and Portuguese-language productions of Cats have been staged in South America , with productions in Argentina in with Olivia Bucio as Grizabella ,  in Chile in at the Arena Santiago  and ,  in Colombia in ,  and in Brazil in with Paula Lima as Grizabella.
Royal Caribbean International announced in April that a full-length production of Cats will be performed regularly for guests aboard the cruise ship Oasis of the Seas.
Cats has been produced by various professional regional theatre companies. Broadway Sacramento staged the musical in and at the Wells Fargo Pavilion.
Block as Grizabella and Lara Teeter as Munkustrap. The musical is also available for school and amateur licensing through The Musical Company.
Steven Spielberg 's former animation studio Amblimation had planned an animated adaptation of the musical in the s. Cats is a commercial blockbuster.
The original London production received mostly rave reviews, with critics hailing it as a watershed moment in British musical theatre.
Billington praised the show's "strong framework" and the ease in which the poems were integrated. He was also very impressed by Lloyd Webber's fitting compositions, Napier's environmental set, Lynne's effective and at times brilliant choreography, and Nunn's "dazzling staging" that makes use of the entire auditorium.
Jewell proclaimed it to be "among the most exhilarating and innovative musicals ever staged",  while Hepple declared that with Cats , "the British musical has taken a giant leap forward, surpassing in ingenuity and invention anything Broadway has sent us".
There were a few lukewarm reviews, most notably from Irving Wardle of The Times. Wardle enjoyed Lloyd Webber's compositions but found the visual spectacle too overwhelming.
The reviews for the and London revivals were positive as well, with critics giving both productions an average of 4 out of 5 stars. Reactions to the original Broadway production were mixed.
He attributed much of this "wondrous spectacle" to Nunn's direction, Napier's set and costume designs, as well as the talented cast.
Rich found many of Lloyd Webber's songs to be "cleverly and appropriately" pastiche, and was impressed with how Lynne and Nunn distinguished each character through personalised movement.
However, he panned Lynne's choreography and felt that the musical failed in its vague attempt to tell a story. Overall, he wished that the show had more "feeling to go with its most inventive stagecraft.
It is a statement of musical theater that cannot be ignored, should prove controversial and will never be forgotten. Isherwood concluded that the revival was "fundamentally the Cats you knew and loved when you were first bit by the musical-theater bug.
Or it's the Cats you knew and snickered at when you first encountered it. Cats has received many international awards and nominations.
Despite mixed reviews when Cats opened in New York in , critics agreed that it was innovative and visually spectacular in ways that Broadway had never seen before.
Ultimately, critics are polarized on whether Cats has changed musical theatre for the better or for the worse. William Grimes wrote of its detractors: "There are more than a few who see the Cats phenomenon as the theatrical equivalent of the rise of the megabudget Hollywood action film.
For them, Cats is a soulless money machine. As the "first true megamusical ",  Cats pioneered a genre of musical theatre that is produced on a grand and global scale.
Cats is considered the quintessential megamusical, because it reconceived, like no other show before, theatrical space as an immense affective encompasser, that transforms the viewing experience into a hypercharged thrill-ride and the spectator into an explorer of new and challenging aural and visual sensations.
Its unprecedented success paved the way for even bolder hyperspatial configurations, made the set designer a proper environment builder and raised light and sound design into the status of art in their own right.
It also paved the way for the constant revolutionization of stage technology. Cats introduced a marketing strategy that set the template for subsequent megamusicals.
Early advertisements for the musical did not feature traditional pull quotes despite many positive reviews or any of the cast, instead branding the show itself as the star.
This advertising method had the additional effect of diminishing the importance of critical reviews, popularising the so-called "critic-proof" status of megamusicals.
Additionally, Cats was the first Broadway and West End show to capitalise on merchandising as a major revenue stream.
Stalls were set up in the theatre lobbies to sell souvenirs ranging from toys and watches to coffee mugs, all of which were emblazoned with the cat's-eyes logo.
The official Cats t-shirt became the second-best-selling t-shirt in the world in the s, second only to the Hard Rock Cafe t-shirt.
Merchandising has since become an important source of income for the industry. Beyond the megamusical, Cats also led the Broadway trend for musicals aimed at families and tourists, which later took the form of the Disney Theatrical Productions and jukebox musicals.
People do want a theatrical experience for their children. The musical's fantasy setting and disregard for verisimilitude allowed for groundbreaking experimentations in lighting and audio technology.
The original London and Broadway productions featured David Hersey 's pioneering use of automated lighting to produce kaleidoscopic landscapes and complicated optical effects.
Hersey also used light in an "architectural manner", with fast-changing configurations to spotlight different performers in rapid succession.
This dynamic shifting of the audience's perspective created an effect similar to that of fast cutting in film editing.
Cats opened new regional, touring and international markets that the industry continues to capitalise on. Cats began the progressive transformation of "Broadway" from a specific location into a delocalized "moment of reception" that can be experienced anywhere and everywhere, even while continuing to depend upon the stamp of approval that box-office success in an actual Broadway theater bestows.
In the s, the success of local productions of Cats in Tokyo,  Sydney,  Vienna, Hamburg,  and Toronto were turning points that established these cities and their respective countries as major commercial markets in the global theatrical circuit.
In , The New York Times credited the regional and touring productions of Cats with "almost single-handedly reviv[ing] the sagging road business". Mackintosh's insistence that all touring productions of Cats replicate the Broadway production also resulted in the expansion and upgrading of regional theatre venues to accommodate the musical's demanding logistical requirements, as local theatre owners did not want to miss out on the opportunity to host the lucrative show.
By , the song had been played over two million times on radio and television stations in the US. As of , the song had been recorded around times by artists such as Barbra Streisand , Barry Manilow , Judy Collins , and Johnny Mathis , in covers ranging from easy listening to techno.
Cats was the ground-breaking show for all of us The success of it gave us all the freedom to go on and do other shows.
With Cats , he became a big celebrity in his own right. This made Lynne the first non-royal woman to have a West End theatre named after her.
Eliot Prize which has since become "the most coveted award in poetry". Stage parodies of the musical have also been mounted in the West End and Off-Broadway.
Starring Gerard McCarthy as Dave and with choreography by Arlene Phillips , the musical premiered at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival ;  it performed at various regional venues before making its West End debut at the Ambassadors Theatre in April Break the Musical!
Madame Tussauds New York features wax figures of several characters from the musical, including one of Grizabella that sings "Memory" through the use of projection mapping technology.
The musical was chosen as one of fifteen "outstanding artifacts, events and activities" from the s to be commemorated with its own stamp design.
The stage production of Cats has undergone several revisions since its London opening. When the show transferred to Broadway, several cuts and rewrites were made with the intention of appealing more to an American audience.
Lloyd Webber performed this song at the show's 6,th Broadway performance, when it broke the record to become the longest-running Broadway show.
The "Growltiger's Last Stand" sequence has been changed multiple times over the course of the show's history. For the original Broadway production, the Ballad was replaced with "In Una Tepida Notte", a parody of Italian opera with more slapstick humour.
The original lyrics, taken directly from the Eliot poem it is based on, included the ethnic slur " Chinks " and this was later replaced with the word " Siamese ".
In the original London production, Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer were characters in their own right and sang their eponymous song themselves as a singsong-style duet.
When the show transferred to Broadway, the song was instead sung in the third-person, with Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer as puppets being magically controlled by Mr.
Their number was also rewritten to be faster and more upbeat, alternating between vaudeville -style verses and a "manic patter " section.
Eventually, the Broadway version of the song was rewritten to allow Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer to once again sing their own song as full characters.
The London revival introduced several modernizations to the show. Rum Tum Tugger was reworked from a ladies-man rockstar to a breakdancing street cat.
His eponymous musical number was also turned into a rap. The Broadway revival featured new choreography by Andy Blankenbuehler , who introduced more hip hop and cool jazz elements to the movements and dances.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Logo by Really Useful Group. In the original London and Broadway productions, she climbs up a stairway that emerges from the ceiling.
Victoria, a young white cat, is dropped in the streets of London by her owner in the middle of the night.
The alley cats witnessing this introduce themselves to her as the " Jellicles ". Two toms, meek magician Mr. Mistoffelees who develops a crush on Victoria and the loyal Munkustrap, and two queens, the snooty Cassandra and Demeter, take Victoria under their wing and show her the world of the Jellicles as they hype up the Jellicle Ball, an annual ceremony where cats compete for the chance to go to the Heaviside Layer and be granted a new life.
Throughout the film, the competitors are introduced and express their contributions to the community: Jennyanydots, a domestic tabby, boosts the productivity of mice and roaches; the Rum Tum Tugger, a flirtatious tom who riles up the others; Grizabella, a glamour cat; Bustopher Jones, a bourgeois cat who boasts about his weight and shares food scraps from the garbage; Skimbleshanks, a tidy ginger cat who taps along the railway; Gus, an aged theatre cat who has played some of the biggest roles in history; and Macavity, a villainous stray with the power to apparate and who kidnaps the other contestants save for Tugger in order to be made the Jellicle Choice by default.
Victoria also happens to meet the mischievous twins Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer who enjoy causing trouble and messing with things in the house of their human family.
They convince Victoria to join in the fun, but leave her tangled up in some necklaces when the family dog is alerted to their presence.
Luckily, Mr. Mistoffelees comes to rescue Victoria, distracting the dog and escaping with her. They return to the group, just in time to see the arrival of the tribe's wise and beloved matriarch Old Deuteronomy.
The Jellicle Ball commences inside the abandoned Egyptian Theatre. Victoria dances a ballet solo in the moonlight but is distracted by Cassandra harassing Grizabella, a former member of the tribe who was banished for, among other things, her past allegiance with Macavity.
Victoria relates to Grizabella's feelings of abandonment. As Grizabella slinks away into the streets, Old Deuteronomy witnesses their quiet camaraderie and assures Victoria that she can become a Jellicle herself in time.
The Ball is interrupted by femme fatale Bombalurina, who performs a song and dance number dedicated to Macavity: a distraction to incapacitate the party with catnip.
Macavity arrives, demanding to be made the Jellicle Choice. Old Deuteronomy deems him unworthy and is subsequently kidnapped and placed with Macavity's other victims.
As the Jellicles recuperate, distraught over their leader's disappearance, Victoria suggests that Mr. Mistoffelees use his powers to conjure Old Deuteronomy back.
He tries a few times, eventually making Old Deuteronomy reappear. The cats rejoice and praise Mr. Mistoffelees; he and Victoria dance together.
Meanwhile, a thwarted Macavity and Bombalurina apparate away from his victims, who begin to free themselves by way of Jennyanydots' costume change, leaving his lackey, Growltiger, to walk the plank at the mercy of the emancipated cats.
Grizabella returns to the Egyptian. Victoria vouches for her and urges her to sing her true feelings. Grizabella proceeds to sing a passionate ballad about her mistakes, her former glory, and her beauty, sentiments that touch the hearts of the Jellicles.
Mistoffelees' magic to float like a hot air balloon. Macavity, in one last attempt to reach the Heaviside Layer, leaps onto a rope from the chandelier but falls onto Nelson's Column.
The Jellicles, reunited with their kidnapped brethren, and perched on a lion statue, watch Grizabella ascend as the morning sun appears above the horizon.
After the congregation disperses, Old Deuteronomy welcomes Victoria to the tribe. An animated film adaptation based on the musical was initially planned by Amblimation in the s, but was abandoned with the studio's closure.
In February , it was reported that Tom Hooper was in negotiations to direct the film, and was considering actresses, including Suki Waterhouse , to star.
In January , Hooper and Working Title began officially casting for the film, while looking into the technical aspect of whether the film would be entirely live-action or computer generated , with Lloyd Webber announcing he would be writing a new song for the film adaptation.
In June , there were reports Anne Hathaway was considered for a role in the film, but she passed due to scheduling conflict.
Principal photography began on 12 December ,  and wrapped on 2 April Music for the film was composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber with contributions from producer Greg Wells who was initially brought in after production in mid to handle a few songs and wound up working on many of them.
A "highlights" edition of the soundtrack with a running time of 59 minutes was released on 20 December , by Polydor Records and in the US by Republic Records.
Less than two months before the film was scheduled to be released in theatres, production was still ongoing for the music in the film. Cats uses extensive visual effects throughout to convert the live-action actors to computer-animated cats.
Both Corden and Wilson spoofed themselves as their respective characters while presenting Best Visual Effects at the 92nd Academy Awards.
The first trailer for the film was released on 18 July ,  and received overwhelmingly negative reactions from viewers.
The film's original release contained numerous CGI errors and glitches, such as one scene in which Judi Dench's human hand, complete with her wedding ring, appears instead of her character's cat paw.
Studio executives and cinema owners said that the decision to release a modified version of a film already in wide release was "unheard of".
The underperformance was attributed to dislike of the trailers, poor reviews, and competition from The Rise of Skywalker.
The site's critics consensus reads: "Despite its fur-midable cast, this Cats adaptation is a clawful mistake that will leave most viewers begging to be put out of their mew-sery.
In the Los Angeles Times , Justin Chang wrote that "With its grotesque design choices and busy, metronomic editing, Cats is as uneasy on the eyes as a Hollywood spectacle can be, tumbling into an uncanny valley between mangy realism and dystopian artifice".
In a review parodying " The Naming of Cats ," he criticized the visual style and particularly the character design, while lambasting the film as a "dreadful hairball of woe.
The Hollywood Reporter named Cats one of the ten worst films of ,  Travers said it "easily scores as the bottom of the barrel—and arguably of the decade,"  and Adam Graham of The Detroit News said " Cats is the biggest disaster of the decade, and possibly thus far in the millennium.
It's Battlefield Earth with whiskers. He reported that the preview audience laughed like the reaction to Springtime for Hitler during Dench's "The Ad-dressing of Cats", because each pause in her lyrics seemed to be the end of the film "at long last" before continuing.
Despite the negative critical reception, the production design particularly the set decoration , casting, and most of the performances with the musical moments received praise.
Pete Hammond of Deadline complimented that Taylor Swift acquits herself nicely as Bombalurina and her signature 'Macavity' number, as well as 'Beautiful Ghosts', written by Swift and Lloyd Webber for Hayward's number and additionally for the end credits performed by Swift herself.
Rich Juzwiak of Jezebel predicted in early January that Cats might become a cult classic like The Rocky Horror Picture Show , noting that sing-along screenings of the film were already taking place in Toronto and Los Angeles and were selling out.
Coolidge Corner gives Rocky Horror -like viewing instructions to audiences at its monthly showings. The film was not available on the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 's private streaming media platform for award contenders.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Theatrical release poster. Lee Hall Tom Hooper. Release date. Running time. British Board of Film Classification.
Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 16 December Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 22 December The Hollywood Reporter.
Retrieved 21 December Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on 31 December Retrieved 13 February The Numbers.
Archived from the original on 25 December Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original on 1 April Retrieved 4 March Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 6 March Archived from the original on 26 September Retrieved 25 September Wenngleich — wie wir hoffen — nur für einen beschränkten Zeitraum, um danach den Spielbetrieb so schnell wie möglich wieder aufnehmen zu können.
Aufgrund der aktuellen Ereignisse und der Verordnung der österreichischen Bundesregierung werden daher im Ronacher ab sofort bis November keine Vorstellungen mehr stattfinden.
BesucherInneninformation: Veranstaltungen im November Stephen Martin Allan MR. Birgit Arquin Bombalurina. Alexander Auler Munkustrap.
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